Treatment: There isn’t a cure for sickle cell anemia, but symptoms can be well-handled with treatment. Antibiotics are used by infections patients and Hydroxyurea are used to manage pain and reduce simple crises. In severe cases, blood transfusions or bone marrow transplants may be performed.
Effect Of Anemia:
The effects of sickle cell anemia cause pain and damage to the organs. Irregularly shaped red blood cells become sluggish, and move more slowly, causing clumping. Red blood cells are normally round, and carry oxygen rich blood.
What are the symptoms of sickle cell anemia?
Symptoms of sickle cell anemia usually show up at a young age. They may appear in babies as early as 4 months old, but generally occur around the 6-month mark.
While there are multiple types of SCD, they all have similar symptoms, which vary in severity. These include:
- excessive fatigue or irritability, from anemia
- fussiness, in babies
- bedwetting, from associated kidney problems
- jaundice, which is yellowing of the eyes and skin
- swelling and pain in hands and feet
- frequent infections
- pain in the chest, back, arms, or legs